Contemporary to cave


Artist- Saber MSK crew,1997,LA River 250ft x 55ft

Content- Tradition Graffiti lettering techniques.

Design- Line, shape, value, colour, size, space

Context- Its sheer size and location.

Media- Initially 367 litres of house paint.

Genre- Graffiti

Audience- Graffiti crews and connected subcultural groups & the government


Post modern connections-

The use of psychedelic drugs became widespread in modern Western culture, particularly in the United States and Britain, in the mid-1960s. The movement is credited to Michael Hollingshead who arrived in America from London in 1965.


Psychedelic artists use highly distorted visuals, cartoons, and bright colors and full spectrums to evoke a sense of altered consciousness. Many artists in the late 1960s and early 1970s attempted to illustrate the psychedelic experience in paintings, drawings, illustrations, and other forms of graphic design.

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In 1961, a group of students at MIT, including Steve Russell, programmed a game titled Spacewar! on the PDP-1, a new computer at the time.[8] The game pitted two human players against each other, each controlling a spacecraft capable of firing missiles, while a star in the center of the screen created a large hazard for the crafts. The game was eventually distributed with new DEC computers and traded throughout the then-primitive Internet. Spacewar! is credited as the first influential computer game


1975-Each film in the Star Wars series opens with scrolling text which provides an explanation of the backstory and context of the film. It has become associated with the films and has frequently been parodied.

 It’s like a poem. I showed the very first crawl to a bunch of friends of mine in the 1970s. It went on for six paragraphs with four sentences each. Brian De Palma was there…”. De Palma helped to edit the text into the form used in the film.[3]


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Early billboards were basically large posters on the sides of buildings, with limited but still appreciable commercial value. As roads and highways multiplied, the billboard business thrived.

  • 1889 – The world’s first 24 sheet billboard was displayed at the Paris Exposition and later at the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago. The format was quickly adopted for various types of advertising, especially for circuses, traveling shows, and movies
  • 1908 – The Model T automobile is introduced in the U.S., increasing the number of people using highways and therefore the reach of roadside billboards.
  • 1919 – Japanese candy company Glico introduces its building-spanning billboard, the Glico Man
  • 1925 – Burma-Shave makes its billboards lining the highways
  • 1931 – The Wall Drug billboards start to go up nationwide
  • 1960 – The mechanized Kani Doraku billboard is built in Dotonbori, Osaka
  • 1965 – The Highway Beautification Act is passed after much campaigning by Lady Bird Johnson
  • 1971 – The Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act bans cigarette ads in television and radio, moving that business into billboards
  • 1981 – The Supreme Court overturns a San Diego billboard ban, but leaves room open for other cities to ban commercial billboards
  • 1986 – Non-television advertising becomes restricted – as now, non-television adverts could not show people smoking. This meant that Benson & Hedges and Silk Cut, amongst other brands – advertised their cigarettes through increasingly indirect and obscure campaigns to a point where they became recognizable.
  • 1998 – The four major U.S. tobacco compagnies sign the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement, which eliminate billboard advertising of cigarettes in 46 states.
  • 2007 – Industry adopts one sheet plastic poster replacement for paper poster billboards and begins phase-out of PVC flexible vinyl, replacing it with eco-plastics such as polyethylene
  • 2010 – The first “scented billboard,” emitting odors similar to charcoal and black pepper to suggest a steak grilling, was erected in Mooresville, North Carolina by the Bloom grocery chain to promote the sale of beef
  • 2010 – Augmented Billboards were introduced in the Transmediale Festival 2010 in Berlin using Artvertiser


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Modernist connections-

  • 1835 – Jared Bell was making 9 × 6 posters for the circus in the U.S.
  • 1867 – Earliest known billboard rentals (source: OAAA)
  • 1872 – International Bill Posters Association of North America was established (now known as the Outdoor Advertising Association of America) as a billboard lobbying group.


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Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement pioneered by Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, joined by Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger and Juan Gris[1] that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music, literature and architecture. Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of the 20th century.


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Modern era connections-

  • 1796 – Lithography was invented, making real posters possible

Mid 1800-Camouflage was first practised in simple form in the mid 18th century by jäger- or rifle units. Their tasks required them to be inconspicuous, and they were issued green and later other drab colour uniforms.


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1800-In the United Kingdom the term geological map is used. The UK and Isle of Man have been extensively mapped by the British Geological Survey since 1835; a separate Geological Survey of Northern Ireland (drawing on BGS staff) has operated since 1947.

Rock units are typically represented by colors. Instead of (or in addition to) colors, certain symbols can be used. Different geologic mapping agencies and authorities have different standards for the colors and symbols to be used for rocks of differing types and ages


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Medievil era connections

800 AD- The arabesque is a form of artistic decoration consisting of “surface decorations based on rhythmic linear patterns of scrolling and interlacing foliage, tendrils” or plain lines,[1] often combined with other elements. Within the very wide range of Eurasian decorative art that includes motifs matching this basic definition the term “arabesque” is used consistently as a technical term by art historians to describe only elements of the decoration found in two phases: Islamic art from about the 9th century onwards, and European decorative art from the Renaissance onwards (see Arabesque (European art)).


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400 AD- An illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented by the addition of decoration, such as decorated initials, borders (marginalia) and miniature illustrations.The earliest surviving substantive illuminated manuscripts are from the period AD 400 to 600, initially produced in Italy and the Eastern Roman Empire

The significance of these works lies not only in their inherent art historical value, but in the maintenance of a link of literacy offered by non-illuminated texts as well.

The Romanesque period saw the creation of many huge illuminated complete Bibles – one in Sweden requires three librarians to lift it.


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Ancient historical connection

400 b.c- Although early Cretan coins occasionally exhibit multicursal patterns,[3] the unicursal seven-course “Classical” design became associated with the Labyrinth on coins as early as 430 BC,[4] and became widely used to represent the Labyrinth – even though both logic and literary descriptions make it clear that the Minotaur was trapped in a complex branching maze.[5] Even as the designs became more elaborate, visual depictions of the Labyrinth from Roman times until the Renaissance are almost invariably unicursal. Branching mazes were reintroduced only when garden mazes became popular during the Renaissance.


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4000 B.C- Hieroglyphs emerged from the preliterate artistic traditions of Egypt. For example, symbols on Gerzean pottery from ca. 4000 BCE resemble hieroglyphic writing


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Architecture & cultural space.

Classical reference-Shrine of Remembrance, Brisbane

Designed in the Greek Classic Revival style, the columns of the Shrine of Remembrance are built of Helidon sandstone,and the Eternal Flame is kept in a brass urn within the Shrine. The steps leading to the Shrine of Remembrance from ANZAC Square are made of Queensland granite. The 18 columns of the Shrine symbolize the year 1918, when hostilities ceased.

In much of the Western world, different classical architectural styles have dominated the history of architecture from the Renaissance until the second world war, though it continues to inform many architects to this day.

Although classical styles of architecture can vary greatly, they can in general all be said to draw on a common “vocabulary” of decorative and constructive elements. The term “classical architecture” also applies to any mode of architecture that has evolved to a highly refined state, such as classical Chinese architecture, or classical Mayan architecture. It can also refer to any architecture that employs classical aesthetic philosophy.



-I get the feeling of being back in the roman or greek times when i gaze at this structure.

-The colours of the sandstone are very attractive and make the structure stand alone where as surrounding buildings have aged with visibility.

– some of the features remind me of art nouveau

Modernist reference- The Old Museum, Brisbane

Functionalist & Moderne

The functionist and moderne style often used combinations of blonde and brown bricks in linear vertical or horizontal patterns. Notable examples include: Museum of Contemporary Art (Sydney); Captain’s Flat Hotel (NSW); Russell Street Police Headquarters (Melbourne); Astor Theatre (St Kilda, Victoria); Ballarat Law Courts (Ballarat);



The Old Museum was originally called the Exhibition Building and Concert Hall. It was built in 1891 for the Queensland National Agricultural and Industrial Association after Brisbane’s first exhibition building, which had occupied the land, was destroyed by fire on 13 June 1888. At the time of the fire the building was being used as a skating rink.

The land had been used by the Queensland Acclimatisation Society from 1863-1875.

The new exhibition building was designed by the architect George Henry Male Addison (1857–1922). The style of the building may best be described as progressive eclecticism. It is entered in the Queensland Heritage Register.


There are multiple lenses through which the evolution of modern architecture may be viewed. Some historians see it as a social matter, closely tied to the project of Modernity and thus the Enlightenment. Modern architecture developed, in their opinion, as a result of social and political revolutions.Others see Modern architecture as primarily driven by technological and engineering developments. Still other historians regard Modernism as a matter of taste, a reaction against eclecticism and the lavish stylistic excesses of Victorian andEdwardian architecture.



-The circular designs refer to a more modern style, elaborate shapes colours and materials are used to trigger thoughts of superiority, academia or wealth.

-I make links to jacobethean or free style building techniques are evident within the patterns the bricks are layed.

Late/Post modernist reference- Waterfront Place, Brisbane

The original waterfront site covers approximately 5,200 square metres (56,000 sq ft), has two prominent street frontages and 110 metres (360 ft) frontage to the river. However, the adjoining Norman Wharf site owned by the State Government was unsightly and acted as a barrier between the site and the rest of the Brisbane central business district. In order to develop the site to its best potential it became necessary to purchase the Norman Wharf site from the State Government. The final site area was approximately 23,400 square metres (252,000 sq ft) including both freehold and leasehold, and enjoyed frontages on Eagle Street, Felix Street and Mary Street.


Modernist architects may regard postmodern buildings as vulgar, associated with a populist ethic, and sharing the design elements of shopping malls, cluttered with “gew-gaws”. Postmodern architects may regard many modern buildings as soulless and bland, overly simplistic and abstract.




-The design of this building is simplistic and abstract, the minimal but repetitive layout allows for vast space within the structure. Making this a very stylish yet simple build.

-References to cubism,minimalism. At different times of the day the glass reflects different colours making this building a very surreal and abstract structure.

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Posted by on March 27, 2013 in Uncategorized


Cultural Difference APT7: Uji Handoko Eko Saputro (aka Hahan)


Uji Handoko Eko Saputro (aka Hahan), Indonesia b.1983 | The Journey 2011 | Synthetic polymer paint on canvas Purchased 2011. Queensland Art Gallery Foundation | Collection: Queensland Art Gallery

APT7 Artist profile from

PERIL: Can you describe some of the artworks you are exhibiting at APT7?

HAHAN: My work in APT7 is part my ideas talking about the young artist  position in Indonesia. Like one of the works ‘the journey’ is talking about effort some of Indonesia young artists to be have good position in international art worlds but it’s not easy way to go there, lots of hard work we must do to make the way to go there.

PERIL: What are some of the ideas behind your art practice?

HAHAN: I have influence by youth culture, comic and punk. My works across several mediums including painting, ink drawing and sculpture. In my most recent works I explores themes of experience (international art market) from young artists in the art world from the perspective of an emerging Indonesian artist.



In the time I spent curating the artwork The Journey by “Hahan” It reminded me much of an american influenced pop style propaganda art expressed through his excessive use of symbolism and countless connections to Disney illustrations make it hard to not to tell yourself that myth. But on the other hand I noticed his style of painting and all of his lines were so clean, it in fact reminded me of traditional Indonesian aesthetics. The palette used is not similar to the style of a western cartoonist, I found links to what I thought was more of a selection that would be used among manga artworks.

I see aspects that are influenced by his cultural background in Indonesian such as the concept and statement this work is talking about. But his style is very western when it comes to the way the characters are portrayed. For some reason I find this work can easily communicate with various cultures but the statement may very, depending on ones political knowledge this could be found on one hand humorous  and on the other hand can be taken very seriously .

Other imput…

Also from Hahan


Hahan and Friends,


Launched to coincide with the ‘7th Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art’,Hahan and friends is an exciting publication written and developed especially for children. Hahan and Friends is the fifth children’s book published by the QAGOMA Children’s Art Centre the first to focus on the work of a single artist. Emerging Indonesian artist Hahan (Uji Handoko Eko Saputro) has collaborated with the Gallery to develop this richly illustrated book, presented in a format that is appealing and accessible to children. Hahan and Friends explores the artist’s life and art works and provides stimulating art-making activities for children to complete at home or at school. Throughout Hahan and Friends, young readers will collaborate with the artist and share his passion for comic style artwork, making objects and merchandising products.


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Personal Culturalized objects that define myself and objects on the contrary





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