14 Aug

Sigmund Freud (German pronunciation: [ˈziːkmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt]), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939), was an Austrian neurologist who became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis.

Psychoanalysis remains influential within psychiatry and across the humanities, though some critics see it as pseudo-scientific and sexist, and a study in 2008 suggested it had been marginalized within university psychology departments. One analysis of research literature concluded that experimental data supports some of Freud’s theories, including the ideas of oral and anal personality types and the importance of Oedipal factors in some aspects of male personality development, but that others, such as Freud’s view of dreams as primarily bearers of unconscious wishes, and several of his views about the psychodynamics of women, were either unsupported or contradicted by research. Regardless of the scientific content of his theories, his work has suffused intellectual thought and popular culture to the extent that in 1939 W. H. Auden wrote in a poem dedicated to him: “to us he is no more a person / now but a whole climate of opinion / under whom we conduct our different lives …”

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Posted by on August 14, 2012 in Uncategorized


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